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Achromobacter species

Achromobacter species is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • Aerobic, gram-negative, lactose fermenter and oxidase positive.
    • May grow anaerobically.
    • Has been cultured using Mueller-Hinton, NAC and Salmonella-Shigella agars.
  • Found widely in the environment, including soil and waters including fresh and brackish.
    • May be a component of normal GI flora.
    • Known to be associated with biofilm formation and found in humidifiers and well water.
  • Intrinsic and acquired multi-drug resistance common.
  • A. xylosoxidans: most commonly implicated in active infections.
    • Intrinsically resistant to aminoglycosides, aztreonam, tetracyclines, and many penicillins/cephalosporins.
    • Many other species including:
      • A. denitrificans
      • A. piechaudii 

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Last updated: September 13, 2018


Auwaerter, Paul G. "Achromobacter Species." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2018. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540697/all/Achromobacter_species.
Auwaerter PG. Achromobacter species. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2018. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540697/all/Achromobacter_species. Accessed April 21, 2019.
Auwaerter, P. G. (2018). Achromobacter species. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540697/all/Achromobacter_species
Auwaerter PG. Achromobacter Species [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2018. [cited 2019 April 21]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540697/all/Achromobacter_species.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Achromobacter species ID - 540697 A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D. Y1 - 2018/09/13/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540697/all/Achromobacter_species PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -