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Gnathostomiasis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • Human infection arising from the third larval stage of an immature nematode.
  • Roundworm of vertebrate animals.
    • Gnathostoma with 13 known species, 6 of which are known to cause human infection.
      • Gnathostoma spinigerum or Gnathostoma hispidum usual species infecting humans.
      • Others known to cause human disease: G. nipponicum, G. malaysiae, G. binucleatum and G. doloresi.
    • Lifecycle includes intermediate/paratenic hosts (freshwater fish, eels, frogs, snakes and birds) and definitive hosts (domesticated pigs, cats, dogs and wild animals), see lifecycle.
      • Food-borne parasite, humans are accidental hosts.

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Last updated: April 2, 2019


Auwaerter, Paul G. "Gnathostomiasis." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2019. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540684/all/Gnathostomiasis.
Auwaerter PG. Gnathostomiasis. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2019. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540684/all/Gnathostomiasis. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Auwaerter, P. G. (2019). Gnathostomiasis. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540684/all/Gnathostomiasis
Auwaerter PG. Gnathostomiasis [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2019. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540684/all/Gnathostomiasis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Gnathostomiasis ID - 540684 A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D. Y1 - 2019/04/02/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540684/all/Gnathostomiasis PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -