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Shigella species

Shigella species is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • Aerobic Gram-negative rod (non-motile, non-spore forming), family Enterobacteriaceae.
  • Four groups: subdivided into serotypes and subserotypes based upon lipopolysaccharide O antigenic repeats.
    • Group A (S. dysenteriae see separate module for discussion of Group A infections, often cause of pandemics arising from natural and man-made disasters)
    • Group B (S. flexneri, leading cause in low- and middle-income countries)
    • Group C (S. boydii, relatively uncommon cause)
    • Group D (S. sonnei, leading diarrhea cause in high income countries)
    • >46 serotypes mean that there is often little protective immunity offered when exposed to new infections.
  • In clinical microbiology laboratories, MacConkey or EMB agar in addition to Shigella-Salmonella agar yields best growth.

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Last updated: February 8, 2018


Auwaerter, Paul G. "Shigella Species." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2018. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540502/all/Shigella_species.
Auwaerter PG. Shigella species. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2018. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540502/all/Shigella_species. Accessed April 25, 2019.
Auwaerter, P. G. (2018). Shigella species. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540502/all/Shigella_species
Auwaerter PG. Shigella Species [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2018. [cited 2019 April 25]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540502/all/Shigella_species.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Shigella species ID - 540502 A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D. Y1 - 2018/02/08/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540502/all/Shigella_species PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -