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- P. shigelloides is a facultative, anaerobic, Gram-negative rod weakly related to the species of Enterobacteriaceae and Vibrionaceae.
- Previously known as Aeromonas shigelloides
- Distinguish from Shigella spp. by oxidase test; distinguished from Aeromonas by negative DNAse testing.
- Non-lactose fermenting, oxidase positive
- Ubiquitous environmentally, it can be isolated from soil, usually fresh water, fish, shellfish and a wide range of animal species.
- Mechanism of diarrhea due to Plesiomonas shigelloides is unknown. It is capable of producing a cholera-like enterotoxin, thermostable enterotoxin, and also a thermolabile enterotoxin.
- Many isolates produce beta-lactamases.
- Usually susceptible to fluoroquinolones and carbapenems.
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Last updated: January 3, 2018
TY - ELEC
T1 - Plesiomonas
ID - 540437
A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D.
Y1 - 2018/01/03/
BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide
UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540437/all/Plesiomonas
PB - The Johns Hopkins University
DB - Pediatrics Central
DP - Unbound Medicine