Trevor A. Crowell, M.D., Paul G. Auwaerter, M.D.
Onchocerciasis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Pediatrics Central™ is an all-in-one application that puts valuable medical information, via your mobile device or the web, in the hands of clinicians treating infants, children, and adolescents. Explore these free sample topics:

Pediatrics Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --


  • Onchocerciasis is caused by filarial worm Onchocerca volvulus.
  • Epidemiology: world’s second-leading cause of blindness.
    • Approximately 18 million people are infected, and nearly one million have been permanently blinded or suffer severe visual impairment.
    • 99% of onchocerciasis cases occur in Africa.
  • O. volvulus transmitted to humans by blackflies (Simulium damnosum), which breed in fast-flowing rivers and streams.
  • Disease is endemic in 31 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, plus Venezuela, Brazil, and Yemen; WHO has recently certified Columbia (2013), Ecuador (2014), Mexico (2015), and Guatamala (2016) to be free of human onchocerciasis.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: April 5, 2017