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Empyema is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • S. pneumoniae and other streptococci (50%)
    • Streptococcus intermedius complex ([previously S. milleri], S. anginosus, S. constellatus) now dominates in community-acquired cases
  • S. aureus including MRSA (10%)
  • Anaerobes (20%)
  • Gram-negative bacilli (GNB, 10%)
  • Noscomial: Gram-negative bacilli and S. aureus (MRSA)
  • Rare causes:

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Last updated: January 3, 2016


Bartlett, John G. "Empyema." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2016. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540188/all/Empyema.
Bartlett JG. Empyema. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540188/all/Empyema. Accessed April 21, 2019.
Bartlett, J. G. (2016). Empyema. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540188/all/Empyema
Bartlett JG. Empyema [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. [cited 2019 April 21]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540188/all/Empyema.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Empyema ID - 540188 A1 - Bartlett,John,M.D. Y1 - 2016/01/03/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540188/all/Empyema PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -