Citrobacter species


  • Enteric aerobic Gram-negative bacilli [Fig 1], a normal part of gut flora.
  • It can be mistakenly identified as Salmonella; colonies on plates [Fig 2] resemble E. coli.
  • C. freundii, C. amalonaticus and C. koseri (previously known as C. diversus) are the species associated with human infection.
    • C. braakii, a member of the C. freundii complex, is described as causing infection, mainly in immunocompromised patients.
  • Citrobacter spp. are commonly found in soil, water, and foodstuffs and typical gut flora inhabitants in humans and animals.

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Last updated: June 11, 2024