Trypanosoma cruzi

Valeria Fabre, M.D.
Trypanosoma cruzi is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi causes American trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease).
  • Transmitted in rural Latin America when feces of infected "kissing bug" (species Rhodnius or triatomine bug, [Fig 1]), inoculated through an insect bite wound or mucous membrane exposure.
  • Also present in zoonotic reservoirs/insect vectors in the southern U.S. but transmission to humans is rare.
  • T. cruzi infection is endemic in Mexico, Central and South America.

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Last updated: September 27, 2019