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Campylobacter jejuni

Campylobacter jejuni is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • Spiral-shaped bacteria well adapted to birds (carriage is asymptomatic).
    • Raw chicken in U.S. frequently contaminated with this organism.
  • Major cause of food-borne diarrhea (either #1 or #2 cause in U.S. trading places with Salmonella).
    • Cases occur summer > winter.
  • C. jejuni causes 99% of Campylobacter infections.
  • Culture usually performed using selective "CAMP" agar, with temperature set at normal avian body temperature of 42°C, rather than at 37°C.
    • Microaerophilic conditions facilitate growth.
    • Oxidase positive.
    • Stool Gram stain, curved rods suggestive of diagnosis (sensitivity 50-75%)
    • Typically only scanty growth seen on aerobic plates.

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Last updated: April 4, 2016


Auwaerter, Paul. "Campylobacter Jejuni." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2016. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540074/all/Campylobacter_jejuni.
Auwaerter P. Campylobacter jejuni. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540074/all/Campylobacter_jejuni. Accessed April 21, 2019.
Auwaerter, P. (2016). Campylobacter jejuni. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540074/all/Campylobacter_jejuni
Auwaerter P. Campylobacter Jejuni [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. [cited 2019 April 21]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540074/all/Campylobacter_jejuni.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Campylobacter jejuni ID - 540074 A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D. Y1 - 2016/04/04/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540074/all/Campylobacter_jejuni PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -