Bordetella species

Bordetella species is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Pediatrics Central™ is an all-in-one application that puts valuable medical information, via your mobile device or the web, in the hands of clinicians treating infants, children, and adolescents. Explore these free sample topics:

Pediatrics Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

MICROBIOLOGY

  • Bordetella are small, aerobic Gram-negative coccobacilli.
  • Organisms are fastidious, need special media (such as charcoal blood agar with cephalexin, Regan Lowe or Bordet-Gengou media) for isolation.
  • Species:
    • B. pertussis: most common etiology of whooping cough and exclusively a human pathogen.
    • B. parapertussis: leads to less severe but similar symptoms.
    • B. bronchiseptica (agent of kennel cough)
    • B. holmesii: rarely have been implicated to cause human respiratory disease. May cause sepsis in immunocompromised patients.
    • B. trematum: rarely found in wounds and ear infections.
    • B. hinzii: an uncommon cause of sepsis in immunocompromised hosts.
    • B. avium: pathogen identified only in birds.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: June 6, 2019