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Bartonella Species

Bartonella Species is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • Small fastidious intracellular pleomorphic Gram-negative bacilli.
  • Bartonella has 19 known species, 7 cause human disease: B. henselae, B. bacilliformis, B. quintana, B. vinsonii, B. grahamii, B. elizabethae and B. koehlerae.
  • Best seen with Warthin-Starry silver stain or a Brown-Hopps tissue gram stain.
  • Major reservoir of B. henselae is cats -- 50% of cats are seropositive and transmit by saliva contact or scratching ("cat scratch fever" or catch scratch disease [CSD]).
  • Menu of diseases caused by Bartonella include cat scratch disease, retinitis, trench fever, relapsing bacteremia, endocarditis, bacillary angiomatosis, and bacillary peliosis hepatitis.

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Last updated: October 4, 2015


Bartlett, John G. "Bartonella Species." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2015. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species.
Bartlett JG. Bartonella Species. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2015. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species. Accessed June 25, 2019.
Bartlett, J. G. (2015). Bartonella Species. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species
Bartlett JG. Bartonella Species [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2015. [cited 2019 June 25]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Bartonella Species ID - 540056 A1 - Bartlett,John,M.D. Y1 - 2015/10/04/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -