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Bacterial vaginosis

Valeria Fabre, M.D.
Bacterial vaginosis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • Bacterial vaginosis (BV) appears to represent a disruption of normal vaginal flora with altered relative concentrations of various microorganisms including depletion of H2O2 producing lactobacilli and proliferation of anaerobic Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria such as:
    • Gardnerella vaginalis
    • Mobiluncus species
    • Mycoplasma hominis
    • Prevotella species
    • Atopobium vaginae
    • Other: Leptotrichia/Sneathia spp., Megasphaera spp. and BVAB-1, BVAB-2, and BVAB-3 (all Clostridiales order bacteria)
  • There is an absence of inflammation with a dense biofilm present, G. vaginalis predominates over other species.

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Last updated: November 1, 2015

Citation

Fabre, Valeria. "Bacterial Vaginosis." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2015. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540051/6/Bacterial_vaginosis.
Fabre V. Bacterial vaginosis. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2015. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540051/6/Bacterial_vaginosis. Accessed June 24, 2019.
Fabre, V. (2015). Bacterial vaginosis. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540051/6/Bacterial_vaginosis
Fabre V. Bacterial Vaginosis [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2015. [cited 2019 June 24]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540051/6/Bacterial_vaginosis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Bacterial vaginosis ID - 540051 A1 - Fabre,Valeria,M.D. Y1 - 2015/11/01/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540051/6/Bacterial_vaginosis PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -