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Feedback is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Pediatric Consult.

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  • Formative, nonevaluative, objective appraisal of performance aimed at modifying and improving clinical skills, correcting deficits, and improving future performance
  • Targeted to specific (observed) behaviors the trainee already does well and those in need of improvement
  • Immediate and formative, not summative
  • Formative feedback sometimes called “low stakes”
  • Presents information, not judgment
  • Can be positive (reinforcing) or negative (constructive or corrective) or both
  • Feedback involves a specific event or occurrence versus compliment/criticism, which are more vague and general.
  • Like evaluation, should ideally be based on objective observations


  • Summative judgment
  • Equivalent to grading and/or assigning a final grade for the rotation
  • Intent is to tell learners how they performed.
  • Like feedback, should ideally be based on objective observations

Compliment and Criticism

  • COMPLIMENT: a polite expression of praise or admiration
  • CRITICISM: an expression of disapproval based on perceived faults or mistakes
  • These are typically general, judgmental, and are not goal based or not based on specific observations.

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Cabana, Michael D., editor. "Feedback." 5-Minute Pediatric Consult, 8th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618169/all/Feedback.
Feedback. In: Cabana MD, ed. 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 8th ed. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618169/all/Feedback. Accessed April 18, 2019.
Feedback. (2019). In Cabana, M. D. (Ed.), 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618169/all/Feedback
Feedback [Internet]. In: Cabana MD, editors. 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. [cited 2019 April 18]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618169/all/Feedback.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Feedback ID - 618169 ED - Cabana,Michael D, BT - 5-Minute Pediatric Consult UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618169/all/Feedback PB - Wolters Kluwer ET - 8 DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -