Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures

Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Pediatric Consult.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Pediatrics Central™ is an all-in-one application that puts valuable medical information, via your mobile device or the web, in the hands of clinicians treating infants, children, and adolescents. Explore these free sample topics:

Pediatrics Central

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

Characteristics of the Three Stages of Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions

Exudative Stage Fibrinolytic Stage Organizing Stage (Empyema)
Appearance Nonpurulent, not turbid Nonpurulent, not turbid Purulent, turbid
Fluid consistency Free-flowing Loculated Organized
Gram stain and culture results Negative Transitional Positive (before antibiotic treatment)
Glucose >100 mg/dL <50 mg/dL <50 mg/dL
Protein <3 g/dL >3 g/dL >3 g/dL
pH >7.30 <7.30 <7.30

PMNs, polymorphonuclear neutrophils; WBCs, white blood cells.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --