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Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures

Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Pediatric Consult.

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Characteristics of the Three Stages of Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions

Exudative Stage Fibrinolytic Stage Organizing Stage (Empyema)
Appearance Nonpurulent, not turbid Nonpurulent, not turbid Purulent, turbid
Fluid consistency Free-flowing Loculated Organized
Gram stain and culture results Negative Transitional Positive (before antibiotic treatment)
Glucose >100 mg/dL <50 mg/dL <50 mg/dL
Protein <3 g/dL >3 g/dL >3 g/dL
pH >7.30 <7.30 <7.30
WBCs Few PMNs PMNs

PMNs, polymorphonuclear neutrophils; WBCs, white blood cells.

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Citation

Cabana, Michael D., editor. "Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures." 5-Minute Pediatric Consult, 8th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618130/all/Pleural_Effusion_Tables_and_Figures.
Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures. In: Cabana MD, ed. 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 8th ed. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618130/all/Pleural_Effusion_Tables_and_Figures. Accessed April 23, 2019.
Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures. (2019). In Cabana, M. D. (Ed.), 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618130/all/Pleural_Effusion_Tables_and_Figures
Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures [Internet]. In: Cabana MD, editors. 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. [cited 2019 April 23]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618130/all/Pleural_Effusion_Tables_and_Figures.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Pleural Effusion Tables and Figures ID - 618130 ED - Cabana,Michael D, BT - 5-Minute Pediatric Consult UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/5-Minute-Pediatric-Consult/618130/all/Pleural_Effusion_Tables_and_Figures PB - Wolters Kluwer ET - 8 DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -