Tick-borne encephalitis virus

Tick-borne encephalitis virus is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV): flavivirus member, single-strand, positive-sense RNA virus.
    • Three subtypes:
      • European (Western)
      • Siberian
      • Far eastern (historically termed Russian Spring Summer encephalitis virus)
    • Related viruses include Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (Russia/Siberia), Kyasanur Forest disease virus (India), Alkhurma virus (Kingdom of Saudia Arabia), Louping ill virus (UK), Powassan virus (U.S.)
  • TBEV
    • Vector: Ixodidae (hard-bodied) ticks
      • European: I. ricinus (castor bean or sheep tick)
      • Far eastern, Siberian: I. persulcatus (taiga tick)
      • Dermacentor reticulatus (ornate cow/meadow/ornate dog/marsh tick): may be vector in some TBEV.
    • Reservoir: ticks, rodents, and other small mammals

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Last updated: June 4, 2018