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Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric

Pranita Tamma, M.D.
Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • Bacterial and/or respiratory viral pathogens can be isolated from middle ear aspirates from children with acute otitis media (AOM).
  • In the era of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination, the most common bacteria implicated in AOM:
    • Streptococcus pneumoniae (~30%)
    • Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (~30%)
    • Moraxella catarrhalis (~15%)
  • Pathogens occasionally involved in AOM include: Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and oral anaerobic bacteria.
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa may be present in middle ear fluid in children with chronic otitis media.

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Last updated: April 29, 2014

Citation

Tamma, Pranita. "Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2014. Pediatrics Central, peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540632/all/Acute_Otitis_Media_Pediatric.
Tamma P. Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2014. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540632/all/Acute_Otitis_Media_Pediatric. Accessed June 25, 2019.
Tamma, P. (2014). Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540632/all/Acute_Otitis_Media_Pediatric
Tamma P. Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2014. [cited 2019 June 25]. Available from: https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540632/all/Acute_Otitis_Media_Pediatric.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Acute Otitis Media, Pediatric ID - 540632 A1 - Tamma,Pranita,M.D. Y1 - 2014/04/29/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540632/all/Acute_Otitis_Media_Pediatric PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Pediatrics Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -