Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E

Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • Viral pathogens that may induce hepatitis (other than traditional hepatitis virus HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV and HEV) as part of their disease spectra and are encountered in the U.S. include (only partial listing):
  • Other less common pathogens that induce hepatitis include:
  • Not substantial human pathogens:
    • GB viruses or GB virus C (some classify as GBV-A, GBV-C and GBV-D): transmitted via transfusion, intravenous drug use, hemodialysis, sexual contact, and from mother to fetus. Not believed to be a clinically significant pathogen as it does not replicate in the liver.
    • Hepatitis F virus: was the designation for a purported enterically transmitted agent during 1994 but subsequent studies did not confirm its existence.
    • TT virus (Torque teno virus, TTV, member of family Circoviridae, genus Anellovirus): some limited evidence points to oncological potential.

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Last updated: September 24, 2019