Synovitis–Transient

Synovitis–Transient is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Pediatric Consult.

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Basics

Description

Transient inflammatory process resulting in arthralgia and arthritis (especially affecting the hip), often precipitated by an exposure to an infectious agent

Epidemiology

  • Any age at risk
  • Most common in ages 3 to 8 years
  • Males affected ~2 times more frequently

Risk Factors

Genetics

No specific associations

Pathophysiology

Unclear

Etiology

Usually viral (especially upper respiratory but also enterovirus). Allergic and traumatic causes have been proposed as well.

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